Thursday, February 09, 2006

The Three Options for the Call for Constituent Assembly Law

The three different options from which Bolivian MPs are choosing how the members of the constituent assebly will be elected are:

Evo Morales (MAS) proposal
: Three members are chosen from each electoral district. Two of them come from the majority party and the third one comes from the runner-up, unless the majority party wins with 50% or more votes, in which case all three members come from the majority party. Members should not be accountable to anybody and should also have unlimited powers to redesign the institutional framework from scratch.

This plan has been criticized from several fronts, including MAS MPs who believe that the current constitution should be ammended and not discarded (read it here). Several other groups, among which we have entrepreneur, civic and indigenous groups, also echoed these concerns (here) and went further into asking guarantees against potential breaches to the current institutional framework. Smaller departments have also raised concerns, arguing that their interests could not be protected if this project is approved.

CECAC (The Parliament's Special Comission for the Constituent Assembly): Two members are elected from each electoral district, summing up 136 constituents. Two more members are elected for each department (making a total 18) and 26 more members will come from special indigenous districts, giving a total of 180 members for the assembly. The members coming from the departments and electoral districts would be elected by voting and the members coming from indigenous districts would be chosen according to customs and traditions.

As of yet, I have not been aware of any reactions to this proposal.

Beni's Parliamentary Brigade: Benis proposes 116 members to the assembly. Each department would chose 10 representatives (90) and 26 would come from the indigenous districts. Members from the departments would simply be the 10 candidates who obtain the most votes. Indigenous districts are free to choose their representatives by customs and traditions.

The objective of this proposal is to give all regions equal representation.

No reactions to this proposal either.

(Read the last two proposals here)



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